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Brick by Brick

By Kelvin Mason
ISBN: 9781853395291
Based on the experiences of a project of working with brickmakers in Peru, Ecuador and Zimbabwe, the text looks at the elements that make up a successful technology transfer package. These elements are likely to include local research and development, training, access to capital, marketing and quality control.

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  • Synopsis
    This book reviews the theory and practice of technology transfer, change and development. It looks at definitions of Appropriate and Intermediate Technologies in the modern, global context. Based on the experiences of a project of working with brickmakers in Peru, Ecuador and Zimbabwe, the text looks at the elements that make up a successful technology transfer package. These elements are likely to include local research and development, training, access to capital, marketing and quality control. There is a brief overview of the technology involved in brickmaking. This includes an examination of energy efficiency and environmental issues. The brickmaking technologies adopted and adapted by the project in Peru are reviewed with a focus on the process of their development principles and ways of working, such as participation and participatory technology development, are explored. The relationship between producers and those seeking to assist them is examined: how alliances are formed, what the best communications are and what monitoring and evaluation strategies to employ. How the needs of women will be addressed. The main body of the text is illuminated by the inclusion of interviews, anecdotes and articles from people working in the field. The quest is to establish some guiding principles and practices for technology development projects. Ultimately the guidebook is a practical and interesting references for project managers, decision makers and fieldworkers.
  • Table of Contents
    FOREWORD

    1. BACKGROUND: ITDG AND BUILDING MATERIALS PRODUCTION
    1.1 ITDG, its mission, strategy and approach
    1.2 The Shelter Programme
    1.3 Reasons for working with small-scale brickmakers
    Energy and the environment
    1.4 Encouraging innovation and technology development
    1.5 The purpose of this guidebook

    2. INTRODUCTION: PARTICIPATION, SHELTER AND BRICKS
    2.1 Participation in technology transfer and development
    2.2 The shelter crisis
    2.3 Why specifically brick production?

    3. THE TECHNOLOGY TRANFER AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
    3.1 Whys and wherefores
    3.2 The objective
    3.3 The situation in Peru
    Housing and brick production
    3.4 The situation in Ecuador
    Housing and brick production

    4. BRICKMAKING, THE TECHNOLOGY AND THE PRODUCT
    4.1 A well known technology?
    4.2 What exactly is a fired-clay brick?

    5. TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND ITS ELEMENTS
    5.1 Defining technology transfer
    5.2 Elements of technology transfer
    Other factors in the process
    5.3 Illuminating case studies
    (i) The brick industry and technology in Malaysia
    (ii) Village-industry pottery in Ghana

    6. APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
    6.1 In search of a working definition
    6.2 ITDG’s Appropriate Technology

    7. PARTICIPATORY TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
    7.1 Enhancing knowledge, skills and choices
    7.2 Ownership through participation
    7.3 PTD as a project tool
    (i) Degrees of participation
    (ii) Stages in technology development
    (iii) Building technological capability
    7.4 Participatory conclusion

    8. THE EXPERIENCE OF ITDG IN ZIMBABWE
    8.1 The historical context8.2 ITDG’s intervention
    The adoption of the coal-fired clamp
    8.3 The process of technology transfer
    Successes and feedback
    Searching for the elements of success
    8.4 Conclusions - but not the end of the story

    9. THE APPROACH OF ITDG IN PERU
    9.1 The draft technology transfer plan
    The Ten Commandments...
    9.2 Getting to grips with the technology
    The state of the art of data collection
    9.3 Methodology for measuring the energy used to fire clay bricks
    (i) Gathering data
    (ii) Analysing data
    (iii) Qualifying the results
    (iv) Presenting findings
    (v) Observations

    10. THE HISTORY OF THE PROJECT
    10.1 Working and learning together
    The Ecuadorian perspective
    10.2 Project results and conclusions
    Training: getting it right
    Sustainability: what next?
    Technologies: four to consider
    Environment: more to be done
    Information dissemination: spreading the word
    10.3 Monitoring technological change
    Promising practices
    (i) The benefits of fuel distribution
    (ii) Complete fuelwood substitution

    11. GUIDELINES FOR PARTICIPATIVE PROJECTS
    11.1 Formulation: the project proposal and workplan
    Finding the right donor
    Accounting to the clients
    Institutional allies
    Achieving a workable proposal
    11.2 Summary: consolidating guidelines

    REFERENCES

    FURTHER READING
    (i) Participation, training and technology development
    (ii) Brickmaking, building materials, shelter and energy

    APPENDIX: Photocopiable monitoring form
  • Details
    Sub Title N/A
    Author Kelvin Mason
    Editor No
    Number of Pages 144
    Format Paperback / softback