The devastating impact of disasters on the world’s population is on the increase, influenced by climate change, urbanization, and persistent high levels of poverty, among other factors. There is a growing demand for reconstruction at scale. This book asks whether large-scale reconstruction can be participatory and developmental; can rebuilding be truly people-centred, contributing to breaking the cycle of poverty and dependence? Can reconstruction reduce people’s vulnerability to disasters and other shocks? Building Back Better examines the context for reconstruction, and shows how developments in the fields of housing, participation and livelihoods have changed and enriched approaches to reconstruction. It explores the practice of implementing large-scale reconstruction of programmes in Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Indonesia and India. The book informs policy, programme design, practice and evaluation. It will be of interest to agencies involved in reconstruction and authorities in countries regularly faced with disasters, as well as to students, academics and researchers.
Table of Contents
Prelims (Boxes, Tables, Figures, Foreword by Nabeel Hamdi)
1. Introduction - Building Back Better
Michal Lyons, Theo Schilderman and Graham Saunders
Part I: Setting the Scene
2. Putting people at the centre of reconstruction
3. Can large-scale participation be peoplecentred? Evaluating reconstruction as development
4. The people’s process: The viability of an international approach
Part II: Making Programmes Work for People
5. Scaling-up people-centred reconstruction: Lessons from Sri Lanka’s post-tsunami owner-driven programme
Vishaka Hidellage and Aziza Usoof
6. Pakistan: Implementing people-centred reconstruction in urban and rural areas
7. Indonesia: Understanding agency policy in a national context
Jo da Silva and Victoria Batchelor
8. India: From a culture of housing to a philosophy of reconstruction
Jennifer Duyne Barenstein and Sushma Iyengar
Part III: Lessons from the Project Level
9. Decentralizing (re)construction: Agriculture cooperatives as a vehicle for reconstruction in Colombia
10. Kenya: Can temporary shelter contribute to participatory reconstruction?
11. Bangladesh: Can large actors overcome the absence of state will?
12. Turkey: Can small actors overcome the absence of state will?
Hakan Arslan and Cassidy Johnson
13. Progressive housing: Reconstruction after the 2001 earthquake in El Salvador
Carmen Ferrer Calv, Concepcion Herreros and Ing. Tomas Mata
14. Peru: The long-term impact of short-term reconstruction work
Eliseo Guzmán Negrón
Michal Lyons, Theo Schilderman, Camillo Boano and Sandra D’Urzo
‘Experience has shown that participatory, people-centred housing reconstruction is far more effective than top-down, institutional delivery. However, these processes are more complex, and widely believed to be impractical for largescale programmes. This important book demonstrates definitively that this assumption does not hold.’ David Simon, Professor of Development Geography, Royal Holloway, University of London ‘The breadth of contributions provides considerable material for readers seeking to understand and support participatory and integrated approaches for reconstruction.’ Diana Mitlin, University of Manchester and Senior Research Associate, IIED ‘The timely message of this book is that participation in housing reconstruction after disaster gives a more sustainable result.’ Judith Eversley, International Affairs Officer, Royal Town Planning Institute, London