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01926 634501

Community Water Development

Edited By Charles Kerr
ISBN: 9780946688234
The book sets out the original concepts and field experience for the development of appropriate technologies for water supply, and illustrates changes in thinking. The various sections cover sources of supply, pumping methods, transport and storage as well as education and training, and questions of planning and management.

£24.95

Community Water Development View Jacket

  • Synopsis
    The UN Water Decade has been the catalyst for much research and development in water-related fields, and one result of the Decade has been improved dissemination of the water technologies being developed. Community Water Development presents some of the best material from leading researchers and practitioners in rural water supply in developing countries.
    The book sets out the original concepts and field experience for the development of appropriate technologies for water supply, and illustrates the changes in thinking which have taken place over the Decade. The various sections, originally published over seven years as articles in Waterlines and Appropriate Technology magazines, cover sources of supply, pumping methods, transport and storage as well as education and training, and questions of planning and management.
    People remain at the heart of every contributor’s concerns, and overall the sixty articles will provide and invaluable tool for anyone concerned with community-sensitive approaches to water-supply problems, whether they are teachers, students or engineers.
  • Table of Contents
    A note on currencies ix
    Acronyms x
    Preface xi
    Technology for the People 1
    Appropriate technology for water 1
    PETER STERN
    People and the Decade: technology and community 6
    JOHN PICKFORD
    So much to learn 12
    JIM HOWARD
    Introducing appropriate technology step by step 14
    SIMON J. BATCHELOR
    Why TOOL changed to small-scale projects 19
    GERT VAN DER BIJL and MARK HOFSTRA
    2. Shallow Wells 23
    Where shall we- dig the well? 23
    JOHN ALLSEBROOK
    Hand-dug water wells lined with reinforced concrete 29
    SIMON WATT and BILL WOOD
    Shallow wells for low-cost water supply in Tanzania 33
    ROBERT TRIETSCH
    Wells for Mali 39
    MARC RAEYMAEKERS
    Sahel case study: the Gambia 42
    BOB MANI and DERRICK KNIGHT
    3. Tube-wells 47
    Tube-wells and their construction 47
    C. K. STAPLETON
    Ground-water development using jetted boreholes 57
    RICHARD CARTER
    Tackling water-supply problems in Uganda with REDR 62
    PETER SHAW and ALAN HAYES
    Talking to the people—a multi-disciplinary approach to drilling
    boreholes in Senegal 65
    HILARY SUNMAN
    vi COMMUNITY WATER DEVELOPMENT
    4. Rain-water Harvesting 72
    Rain-water harvesting 73
    PETER STERN
    Farming with runoff: a weapon against drought? 77
    ARNOLD PACEY and ADRIAN CULLIS
    Water harvesting in India 81
    DEREK RAY
    Social dimensions of harvesting rain-water in Turkana 83
    PAULA PARK
    Rain-water catchment systems in Botswana 86
    JOHN GOULD
    5. Water Conservation 94
    Water from rocks 94
    ERIK NISSEN-PETERSEN
    Water from sand 98
    ERIK NISSEN-PETERSEN
    Assisting ground-water recharge by gully-plugging 102
    T. S. RANDHAWA
    Simple weirs for diverting water 107
    TIM STEPHENS
    The design and construction of small earth dams 112
    JOHN FOWLER
    6. Pumping Alternatives 121
    Water for rural communities: the choice between
    pumping methods 122
    ITDG WATER PANEL
    The chain and washer pump 132
    SIMON WATT
    The hydraulic ram 138
    SIMON WATT
    Windpumps bring water to the Turkana Desert 144
    VIVIEN ABBOTT
    Solar pumps—a ray of hope in Somalia 146
    FROM REPORTS BY GARY COCKETT AND ROBERT FRASER
    7. Handpump Testing and Development 150
    The Consumers' Association's handpump testing
    programme 151
    KEN MILLS
    World Bank handpumps testing programme 156
    SAUL ARLOSOROFF
    The Blair Research Laboratory's contributions to
    the Water Decade 159
    PETER MORGAN AND HARRY McPHERSON
    CONTENTS vii
    Malaysian villagers comment on simple plastic
    handpumps 163
    GOH SING YAU AND LOW KWAI SIM
    8. Handpump Maintenance 169
    The India Mark II handpump and its three-tier
    maintenance system 170
    GEORGE BALDWIN
    A one-tier system: the Tilonia approach to handpump
    maintenance 179
    SAMJIT ROY
    Working towards village-based handpump maintenance—
    UNICEF's approach in India 185
    KENNETH GRAY
    Handpumps in rural Morocco 188
    WILLIAM LYNCH
    9. Water Transport and Storage 194
    Doing the donkey work 194
    VAL CURTIS
    Water—women's work 199
    BARBARA ROGERS
    Bamboo water pipes and wooden tanks 201
    T. N. LIPANGILE
    Ferrocement tanks in Papua New Guinea 205
    STEVE LAYTON
    Prefabricated fibre-reinforced cement irrigation channels 209
    FRANCIS HILLMAN
    10. Education and Training 216
    Ways of involving women in water projects 217
    CAROLYN HANNAN-ANDERSON
    Training through work experience 223
    KEVIN TAYLER
    Planning intensive training courses 227
    FRED ROSENSWE1G
    Malawi: Demonstration for self-help 232
    GUS LIEBENOW
    11. Planning and Management 238
    Guide-lines on planning and management of rural water
    supplies in developing countries 239
    ITDG WATER PANEL
    Who will look after the village water supply? 246
    w. E. WOOD
    Managing seasonal man-made water sources: lessons
    from Botswana 253
    LOUISE FORTMANN
    viii COMMUNITY WATER DEVELOPMENT
    Towards community-managed drinking-water schemes in Nepal 259
    JOHN WILLIAMSON
    The falaj—a traditional co-operative system of
    water management 268
    SALLY SUTTON
    References and Further Reading 276
  • Details
    Sub Title N/A
    Author No
    Editor Charles Kerr
    Number of Pages 292
    Format Paperback / softback
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