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Famine Early Warning and Response

By Margaret Buchanan-Smith,Susanna Davies
ISBN: 9781853392917
It examines, for the first time, the role of early warning information in decision-making processes, particularly within key donor agencies. The book concludes with practical policy recommendations, on who 'owns' early warning information, how it is used and looks at how to speed up the logistics of emergency relief.

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  • Synopsis
    Drawing on case studies from Ethiopia, Sudan, Chad, Mali and Kenya (focusing on Turkana district) during the drought years of 1990-91, this book investigates why early warning signals were not translated into timely intervention. It examines, for the first time, the role of early warning information in decision-making processes, particularly within key donor agencies. The book concludes with practical policy recommendations, on who 'owns' early warning information, how it is used and looks at how to speed up the logistics of emergency relief.
  • Table of Contents
    LIST OF TABLES Vlll
    LIST OF FIGURES ix
    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS X
    ACRONYMS xi
    1: The Missing Link 1
    Introduction 1
    Understanding famine 3
    Early warning 4
    Famine prevention: the relief response 5
    The Sahel and Horn of Africa: conditions ripe for famine 6
    The actors 8
    Conclusions 10
    2: What are Famine Early-warning Systems? 12
    Introduction 12
    EWS as information systems 12
    Information generated by EWS 15
    Use of EW information 18
    Constraints to the use of EW information 19
    Conclusions 24
    3: The International Relief System 26
    Introduction 26
    Preventing famine: whose responsibility? 27
    What is the international relief system? 28
    Profile of four donor agencies 30
    The political context of emergency aid to Africa in 1990-91 33
    Sources of EW information used by donor agencies 36
    Influence of the media 41
    Influence of formal political channels 43
    Making decisions about the relief response 44
    Executing decisions: the relief response 48
    Donor co-ordination 50
    Conclusions 51
    4: Ethiopia 55
    Introduction 55
    Food security 57
    The EW/response system 61
    The story of EW/response in 1990-91 66
    Evaluating the EW information 71
    Use of EW information 74
    Implications for the final response 77
    Insecurity and the EW/response process 78
    Conclusions 80
    5: Sudan 84
    Introduction 84
    Food security in north Sudan, focusing on Darfur 86
    The EW/response system 88
    The story of EW/response in 1990-91 91
    Evaluating the EW information 97
    Use of EW information 100
    Implications for the final response 105
    Insecurity and the EW/response process 106
    Conclusions 107
    6: Chad 111
    Introduction 111
    Food security 113
    The EW/response system 116
    The story of EW/response in 1990-91 119
    Evaluating the EW information 124
    Use of EW information 128
    Implications for the final response 134
    Insecurity and the EW/response process 135
    Conclusions 135
    7: Mali 139
    Introduction 139
    Food security 141
    The EW/response system 144
    The story of EW in 1990-91 148
    Evaluating the EW information 151
    The story of response in 1990-91 151
    Use of EW information 155
    Implications for the final response 156
    Insecurity and the EW/response process 159
    Conclusions 160
    vi
    8: Turkana District, Kenya 165
    Introduction 165
    Food security 167
    The EW response system 175
    The Emergency Livestock Purchase Scheme: 1990 178
    Food crisis and food-for-work in Kakuma Division: 1991 181
    District-wide drought in 1992 183
    Evaluating the EW information 185
    Use of EW information 189
    Implications for the final response in 1990 and 1991 193
    Insecurity and the EW/response process 196
    Conclusions 197
    9: Forging the Link 202
    Introduction 202
    EWS are necessary 204
    Common patterns in how EW information is used 205
    Forging the link 208
    GENERAL REFERENCES 212
    CASE-STUDY REFERENCES 214
    Ethiopia 214
    Sudan 216
    Chad 217
    Mali 218
    Turkana District, Kenya 219
    INDEX 221
  • Details
    Sub Title N/A
    Author Margaret Buchanan-Smith,Susanna Davies
    Editor No
    Number of Pages 242
    Format Paperback / softback
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