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Guidelines for Design, Production and Testing of Animal-Drawn Carts

By Ron Dennis
ISBN: 9781853393389
Compiled on behalf of the ATNESA as a resource book on animal-drawn carts, these guidelines cover all aspects of their design, production and marketing. Full details are given of the construction of a range of ox and donkey carts, including wheels and axles, with information on materials and costs.

Price: £17.05

Was: £17.95

Guidelines for Design, Production and Testing of Animal-Drawn Carts View Jacket

  • Synopsis
    Compiled on behalf of the Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa (ATNESA) as a resource book on animal-drawn carts, these guidelines cover all aspects of their design, production and marketing. Full details - with many three dimensional drawings - are given of the construction of a range of ox and donkey carts, including wheels and axles, with information on materials and costs. Information is based as far as possible on designs that have been shown to work effectively. Other sections cover harnessing of oxen and donkeys, manufacture and marketing, credit and design standards. The guidelines are aimed at promoting improved supply, quality and use of animal-drawn carts in the region.
  • Table of Contents
    PREFACE ix
    SECTION A: GUIDELINES ON CART DESIGN 1
    A1: INTRODUCTION 3
    A1.1 FEATURES OF GOOD CART DESIGN 3
    A1.2 RECOMMENDATION FOR MINIMUM DESIGN STANDARDS 4
    A1.3 LAYOUT OF MANUAL 5
    A1.4 REASONING BEHIND THE GUIDELINES 6
    A2: CART CONSTRUCTION 7
    A2.1 CART CAPACITY 7
    A2.2 CART DIMENSIONS 9
    A2.3 LAYOUT OF TWO-WHEEL CARTS (Figure 2.2) 11
    A2.4 LAYOUT OF FOUR-WHEEL CARTS 13
    A2.5 CONSTRUCTION OF TWO-WHEEL CARTS 14
    A2.6 DESIGN OF A STEEL BASE-FRAME (Figure 2.3) 15
    A2.7 CONSTRUCTION OF BODY 18
    A2.7.1 Body Made From Sheet Steel 18
    A2.7.2 Steel Frame With Wooden Body (Figure 2.6) 23
    A2.8 WOODEN BASE FRAME AND BODY 25
    A2.9 BAMBOO OR TIMBER POLE CONSTRUCTION (Figure 2.8(i) and (ii)) 26
    A2.10 COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION 29
    A2.11 DESIGN OF A HINGED TAILGATE (Figure 2.9) 31
    A2.12 ATTACHMENT OF DRAWPOLE (Figure 2.10) 33
    A2.13 OTHER TYPES OF CART BODIES 34
    A2.14 DESIGN OF 4-WHEEL CARTS (Figure 2.13) 38
    A2.15 BRAKE DESIGN 42
    A2.16 SUSPENSION 47
    A3: WHEEL/AXLE ASSEMBLY 53
    A3.1 BASIC FACTORS 53
    A3.1.1 Tyres 53
    A3.1.2 Rolling Resistance 54
    A3.1.3 Friction and Wear in Bearings 56
    A3.1.4 Wheel and Bearing Loads 58
    A3.1.5 Comparison of the Performance of Different Types of Wheel/Axle
    Assemblies 58
    A3.2 TYPES OF WHEELS 61
    A3.2.1 Scrap Rims and Axles 61
    A3.2.2 Pressed and Rolled Rims 68
    A3.2.3 Wheels for Manufacture in Small to Medium Size Workshops 70
    A3.2.4 Fabricated Steel Wheels 73
    A3.2.5 Wooden Wheels 76
    A3.3 HUB AND AXLE 80
    A3.3.1 Machined Hub and Axle Assembly (Figure 3.15) 80
    A3.3.2 Fabricated Hub and Axle Assembly (Figure 3.16) 85
    A3.3.3 Axle Assemblies with Bush Bearings 88
    A3.3.4 Live-Axle Assembly (Figure 3.18) 91
    A3.3.5 Other Hub/Bearing Options 98
    A3.4 COMPARISON OF WHEEL/AXLE ASSEMBLIES 102
    A3.4.1 Comparison of Wheel/Axle Assemblies for Ox-Carts (Table 3.2) 102
    A3.4.2 Comparison of Wheel/Axle Assemblies for Light, Single-Donkey
    Carts (Table 3.3) 107
    A3.5 PUNCTURE-RESISTANT TYRES 109
    A4: COMPARISON AND SELECTION OF CART DESIGNS 115
    A4.1 RANGE OF OPTIONS 115
    A4.2 SELECTION OF PREFERRED CART DESIGN 118
    A4.2.1 Recommended Design 118
    A4.3 ALTERNATIVE DESIGNS 123
    A4.3.1 Alternative Designs of Wheel/Axle Assemblies 123
    A4.3.2 Intermediate Designs 125
    A4.4 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHER DEVELOPMENT 128
    A4.4.1 Cart Construction 128
    A4.4.2 Wheel and Axle Assemblies 128
    A4.4.3 Brakes 130
    A4.4.4 Suspension 130
    APPENDIX 1: SOURCES OF FURTHER INFORMATION 132
    SECTION B: GUIDELINES ON HARNESSING 135
    B1: INTRODUCTION 136
    B2: HARNESSING OF OXEN 138
    B3: HARNESSING OF DONKEYS 143
    B4: RECOMMENDATIONS FROM WORKING GROUP ON HARNESSING AND
    HITCHING 150
    SECTION C: MANUFACTURE, MARKETING AND MAINTENANCE OF CARTS 155
    C1: INTRODUCTION 157
    C2: POSSIBILITIES FOR IMPROVEMENTS 160
    C3: RECOMMENDATIONS FROM WORKING GROUP ON CART MANUFACTURE 164
    C4: RECOMMENDATIONS FROM WORKING GROUP ON MARKETING 166
    C5: RECOMMENDATIONS OF WORKING PARTY ON MAINTENANCE AND
    REPAIR 169
    SECTION D: GUIDELINES ON CREDIT 171
    D1: INTRODUCTION 173
    D2: TYPES OF CREDIT SCHEME 174
    D3: ESTABLISHMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF CREDIT PROGRAMMES 178
    SECTION E: GUIDELINES ON TESTING OF CARTS AND DESIGN STANDARDS 183
    E1: INTRODUCTION 185
    E2: RECOMMENDATIONS FROM WORKING GROUP ON TESTING AND
    STANDARDS 187
  • Details
    Sub Title N/A
    Author Ron Dennis
    Editor No
    Number of Pages 200
    Format Paperback / softback