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Meeting the Challenges of Animal Traction

Edited By Paul Starkey
ISBN: 9781853394836
This new resource book provides a wealth of ideas and experiences concerning animal traction in many countries. This publication has been developed from the ATNESA workshop held in Kenya on 'meeting the challenges of animal traction' and draws together key papers and contributions from professionals in 27 different countries.

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Meeting the Challenges of Animal Traction View Jacket

  • Synopsis
    This new resource book provides a wealth of ideas and experiences concerning animal traction in many countries. This publication has been developed from the ATNESA workshop held in Kenya on 'meeting the challenges of animal traction' and draws together key papers and contributions from professionals in 27 different countries. The papers address a number of important challenges to animal traction that relate to participation, environment, gender, extension, transport, equipment and animal husbandry. In addition, several papers describe national level challenges and project attempts to address these. It will be of great value to all those concerned with the development of animal power, tropical agricultural development and rural transport, especially those involved in participative research, training, extension, development, planning, gender issues and project implementation.
  • Table of Contents
    Preface and acknowledgements ..................................................................................................................6.. ....
    Abbreviations and units .................................................................... . . ;. ...........................................................8.. .
    Identifying the challenges: participatory research and socio-economic studies
    A farming systems approach to improving draft animal power in sub-Saharan Africa ...............................1 0
    Forbes Muvirimi and Jim Ellis-Jones
    Participatory technology development for ahimal traction: experiences from a semi-arid area of Kenya ......2 0
    David Mellis, Harriet Matsaert and Boniface Mwaniki
    Socio-economic aspects of animal power: a diagnostic study in Zimbabwe ..............................................2..8
    R Tsimba, S Chawatama, L Ndow, J Mutimba, P Ndlovu, K Dzama, J Topps, D Hikwa and MMudhara
    Animal traction and market conditions: a ckse study from south-western Tanzania and northern Zambia .....3 3
    Torben Birch-Thomsen
    Draft animal power potential and utilisation in the Tonota District of Botswana ............: . ......................... 40
    J A Karim-Sesay
    Users in control: farmer participation in technology research and development .........................................4. 5
    Simon Croxton
    Challenging environmental issues
    Animal traction in Africa: analysing its environmental impact ..................................................................5..2
    Roger Blench
    Environmental influences on the adoption of animal traction ................................................................., .....6 0
    Michel Havard and Gtrard Le Thiec
    Environmental impact of animal traction in Rukwa Region, Tanzania ........................................................6 8
    A M Kilemwa
    Animal traction and sustainable soil productivity in Kenya ......................................................................... 72
    Isaiah I C Wakindiki
    Gender challenges
    Gender and animal traction: a challenging perspective ................................................................................. 76
    Juliana Rwelamira and Lotta Sylwander
    Animal traction development and gender: experiences from Western Province, Zambia ............................ 82
    G M Bwalya and M Akombelwa
    Gender and animal traction technology in eastern and southern Africa ....................................................... 86
    Florence Lawan Tangka
    A note on gender issues in draft animal technology: experiences from Nyanza, Kenya .......: . ....................9 1
    William Onyango Ochido
    Farmer knowledge, extension and training
    Informal farmers' knowledge in animal traction: case studies from the southern highlands of Tanzania .......9 4
    E Kwilligwa, J Rock, M Massunga and M Siva
    Towards privatisation in draft animal power extensio; ih Zambia ..'.. .................... :..... ............. :. ................ 98
    Martin van Leetiiven
    Animal draft power training in Zimpbwe: experiences and future challenges ......: .. ..............: . ........ :. ...... 103.
    B Mudamburi, B Chikwanda and J Francis
    Extension methods for improving the welfare of traction animals .......................... .................................. 106
    Cheryl ME McCrindle and 2iakatsoE Moorosi
    Animal-drawn equipment and harnessing
    Conservation tillage for soil and water conservation using draft animal power in Zambia ....................... 112
    Kenneth Chelemu and Peter Nindi
    The supply of animal-drawn implements in Tanzania ................................................................................ 118
    S Mkomwa and R M Shetto
    Introducing animal-drawn cultivators in north Namibia: preliminary results and reasons for hope .......... 125
    Iylwa Veikko and Carole Pitois
    Dynamic steering response of animal drawn plows .................................................................................... 130
    J.M Mutua and PA Cowell
    Developing suitable yokes for draft oxen in sub-Saharan Africa ............................................................... 134
    Gerard Le Thiec and Michel Havard
    Design and nianufacture of a withers yoke for zebu oxen and cows .......................................................... 140
    Wells F Kumwenda
    Harnessing techniques and work performance of draft horses in Ethiopia ............................................... 143
    Mengistu Geza
    Animal-based transport
    Meeting the challenge of animal-based transport ........................................................................................ 150
    Ron Dennis
    The development of low-cost animal-drawn carts ....................................................................................... 170
    C E Oram
    Ox carts in Kaoma, Zambia ......................................................................................................................... 176
    Martin van Leeuwen and Nawa Siyambango
    The 'Golovan' one-ox cart .......................................................................................................................1.8..4.
    .Bruce Joubert
    Animal issues: donkey use, cow traction and feeding
    The challenges in using donkeys for work in Africa ......................................... ......................................... 190
    R A Pearson, E Nengomasha and R C Krecek
    The potential of cow traction in the East African highlands ....................................................... ............... 199
    E Zerbini, Alemu Gebre Wold and B I Shapiro
    Cow traction in Chokwe, Mozambique .............. ........................................................................................ 212
    0 Fafine and A Mutsando
    Comparative draft performance of oxen and heifers in northern Sierra Leone .......................................... 216
    G 0 Cole and J Steinbach
    Dry season crop residue feeding for improved draft power in Zambia ...................................................... 220
    J H Meinderts, M Chibango and N Mwenda
    Social and economic challenges in West Africa
    Ox traction in a long-term perspective: policy implications of a socio-economic study in Ghana ........... 226
    J H Hesse and A Runge-Metzger
    The potential for animal traction in south-westem Nigeria ..................................................... :. .................. 235
    Adebiyi Gregory Daramola
    Evolution of farming systems and the adoption and profitability of animal traction ................................. 239
    Kizito Langha
    The effects of the on-going war on animal traction in Sierra Leone .......................................................... 247
    Abu B Bangura
    National challenges and perspectives
    The challenges of animal traction in Tanzania .......................................................................................... 252
    H Sosovele
    Animal traction in Mozambique: results from a survey of small-scale farmers ........................................2.5 8
    Alfredo de Toro and Alfredo B Nhanturnbo
    The challenges of reintroducing animal traction in post-war Mozambique ..................................:.. . ..........2 64
    Alix von Keyserlingk
    Animal draft power in South Africa: past, present and future ..................................................................2..6 9
    Richard Fowler
    Animal draft power challenges in Zimbabwe .............................................................................................2. 74
    J Francis, B Mudamburi and B Chikwanda
    Surveying animal traction use in Zambia ..................................................................................................2..7 8
    Henk J Dibbits
    Possible initiatives for increased utilisation of animal traction in Malawi .................................................2 90
    M L Mwinjilo
    Workhorses in Norway ............;.. ........... . ..............................................................................................2..9. 3
    Martin Aeschlirnann
    Improving animal traction technology in Cuba ...........................................................................1.. .. ...........2 96
    Arcadio Rios
    Addressing the challenges: project experiences
    Animal traction development in Iringa Region, Tanzania: project approaches and future requirements ...... 300
    R Mwanakulya
    The development of animal traction in Tanzania in recent years ................................................................3 04
    R N Mtunze and M G Lyirno
    Reviving cotton production in eastern Uganda: the animal traction perspective .......................................3. 06
    Alex Nylrgo and John Olupot
    Hiring and lending of oxen for plowing in Kaoma, Zambia ...................................................................3..0..8
    Kennedy Kakwaba and Martin van Leeuwen
    Challenges of animal draft technologies in North Western Province, Zambia ....................... ;. ..................3 13
    Ivor Mukuka
    Challenges and constraints of animal traction in þapulaP rovince, Zambia ............................................. 3 19
    Alexander Mutali t
    Index .......................................................................................................................................................3..2 2

  • Details
    Sub Title N/A
    Author No
    Editor Paul Starkey
    Number of Pages 328
    Format Paperback / softback