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Modern Coconut Management

Edited By J.G. Ohler
ISBN: 9781853394676
Modern Coconut Management is aimed at guiding those who work with small-scale farmers and farmer groups through the complex area of coconut management. It will also be of value to the many processors and others whose livelihoods depend on coconuts.

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  • Synopsis
    Modern Coconut Management is aimed at guiding those who work with small-scale farmers and farmer groups through the complex area of coconut management. It will also be of value to the many processors and others whose livelihoods depend on coconuts. The emphasis is on the need for training and education of coconut smallholders in how to become good managers, using appropriate techiniques and materials. The book combines the wealth of information that exists in this area with new research in diseases and pests and breeding techniques to improve crop performance. The book also deals with coconut-based farming systems in which many aspects of the combination of coconuts with other crops and/or animals are discussed. Equally important are the processing techniques which are vital to the survival of the coconut industry. A section of the book is devoted to post-harvest treatment, processing and research where the many new developments in the processing of coconut products are discussed. Fully illustrated, including 80 colour illustrations.
  • Table of Contents
    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
    LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
    LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
    PREFACE
    FOREWORD
    INTRODUCTION
    PART I - THE COCONUT PALM AND ITS ENVIRONMENT
    1. Historical Background by J.G. Ohler
    Origin and Distribution
    World Production
    2. The Coconut Palm by J.G. Ohler
    Botany,Morphology,Growth, Development and Yielding Capacity
    3. Climate and Soils by J.G. Ohler
    Climate
    Soils
    4. Disorders by J.G. Ohler
    Mineral Nutrient Deficiencies
    Mineral Toxicities
    Drought Effects
    Stem Tapering
    Lightning Damage
    Premature Button and Nut Shedding
    5. Diseases by J.G. Ohler
    Diseases caused by Nematodes
    Diseases caused by Fungi
    Diseases caused by Bacteria
    Diseases caused by Flagellates
    Diseases caused by Viruses or Viroids
    Diseases caused by Mycoplasma-like Organisms
    Diseases of Unknown Etiology
    6. Vertebrate Pests by J.G. Ohler
    Rodents
    The Insect Pests of Coconut by D. Mariau
    Introduction
    Orthoptera
    Phasmida
    Isoptera
    Heteroptera
    Homoptera
    Fulgoroidea
    Lepidoptera
    Coleoptera
    Acarina
    Conclusion
    PART 11- PLANTING MATERIAL AND PLANTATION MANAGEMENT
    8. Selection and Breeding by R. Bourdeix
    Introduction
    Genetic Diversification
    Genetic Improvement Methods
    Conclusion
    ANNEXE I: International Cultivar List
    ANNEXE 11: Measures of Stems, Leaves and Inflorescences of the
    Ecotypes at the Marc Delorme Station Collection
    9. Cultural Practices by J.G. Ohler
    Plantation Lay-out
    Clearing
    The Nursery
    Planting
    Weeding
    Cover Crops
    Moisture Conservation
    Irrigation
    Fertilizing
    Harvesting
    Toddy and Sugar Production
    Bart I11 - COCONUT-BASED FARMING SYSTEMS
    10. General Aspects by J.G. Ohler
    Mixed Cropping
    Intercropping
    11. The Smallholder and Coconut-based Farming Systems by S.G. Reynolds
    Economics of the Smallholder Coconut Operation
    12. Coconut-based Farming Systems in the Pacific by F. Opio
    Introduction
    Morphological Characteristics of Coconut
    Land-use Intensification
    Economic Aspects
    Coconut Husbandry
    Coconut-based Farming Systems with Animals
    Coconut-based Farming Systems with Perennials
    Coconut-based Multi-storey Cropping System
    Relay cropping Systems
    Coconut and Livestock Systems
    Socio-Economic Aspects of Coconut-based Farming Systems
    Conclusions
    13. Coconut-based Cropping Systems in India and Sri Lanka by P.K. Das
    Introduction
    Root and Tuber Crops
    Grain Crops
    Grain Legumes
    Annual Oilseeds
    Vegetables
    Fruits
    Tree Spices
    High-density Multi-species Cropping System
    Conclusion
    14. Pastures and Livestock under Coconut by S.G. Reynolds
    Introduction
    Systems
    General Factors
    Pasture Species
    Pasture Establishment and Improvement
    Pasture Management
    Animal Production from Pastures under Coconut
    Forage Production Seasonality and Supplementary Feed Sources
    Effects of Pasture on Coconut Yields
    The Economics of Livestock under Coconuts
    PART IV - POST-HARVEST TREATMENT, PROCESSING, RESEARCH AND
    DEVELOPMENT
    15. Post-harvest Treatment by J.G. Ohler
    Nut Storage
    Dehusking
    Nut Transportation
    16. Coconut Processing by T.K.G. Ranasinghe
    Introduction
    World Copra Production
    World Coconut Oil Trade
    Coconut Preparation . .
    Copra Manufacture and Storage
    Coconut Oil
    Desiccated Coconut .
    Coconut Milk or Cream . .
    Instant Coconut Milk Powder
    Coconut Sap and Products
    Minor Food Products from Coconut
    Coconut Husk and Coir Products '
    Coconut Shells and Products
    Coconut Wood
    Energy and Minor Uses of Coconut Palm
    17. Research and Development by J.G. Ohler
    Research
    Development
    APPENDIX I:
    Institutions and experimental stations involved with coconut research and
    development; International organizations; and National institutes and research
    stations
    BIBLIOGRAPHY
    INDEX

  • Details
    Sub Title N/A
    Author No
    Editor J.G. Ohler
    Number of Pages 474
    Format Paperback / softback
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