Peasants and the Art of Farming eBook
Peasants and the Art of Farming: A Chayanovian Manifesto focuses on the structure and dynamics of peasant farms and the historically highly variable relations that govern the processes of labour and production within peasant farms. Jan Douwe van der Ploeg argues that peasant agriculture can play an important, if not central, role in augmenting food production and creating sustainability. However, peasants today, as in the past, are materially neglected. By building on the pioneering work of Chayanov, this book seeks to address this neglect and to show how important peasants are in the ongoing struggles for food, food sustainability and food sovereignty.
Table of Contents
Prelims [ICAS Agrarian Change and Peasant Studies | Series Acknowledgements | Preface]
1 Peasants and Social Transformations
The Political Relevance of Peasant Theory
Peasant Agriculture and Capitalism
What Makes Chayanov a “Genius”?
A Proof of Pedigree
2 The Two Main Balances Identified by Chayanov
The Peasant Unit of Production: No Wages, No Capital
The Labour-Consumer Balance
The Political Relevance of the Labour-Consumer Balance
The Scientific Relevance of the Labour-Consumer Balance
The Balance of Utility and Drudgery
On “Subjective Evaluation”
3 A Wider Array of Interacting Balances
The Balance between People and Living Nature
The Balance of Production and Reproduction
The Balance of Internal and External Resources
The Balance of Autonomy and Dependence
The Balance of Scale and Intensity (and the Emergence of Farming Styles)
Fighting for Progress in an Adverse Environment
By Way of Synthesis: The Peasant Farm
A Final Note on Differentiation
4 The Position of Peasant Agriculture in the Wider Context
as Mediated by Exchange Relations
Town-Countryside Relations as Mediated by Migration
Farming Versus the Processing and Marketing of Food
The Balance of Agrarian Growth and Demographic Growth
Current Mechanisms of Labour Driven Intensification
The Significance and Reach of Labour Driven Intensification
When Labour Driven Intensification is Blocked
What Propels Labour Driven Intensification?
Intensification and the Role of Agrarian Sciences
Can Peasants Feed the World?
Processes and Expressions of Repeasantization
Repeasantization in Western Europe: Resetting the Balances
Back Matter [Glossary | References | Index]
Timely presentation of Chayanov’s theory of agriculture elaborating further balances of labour, consumption, drudgery and utility at the roots of peasant strategies of survival.Returning issues of choice into the centre of human knowledge about humans.
Teodor Shanin, Moscow School of Social and Economic Sciences
The author’s grasp of theory, history, the empirical literature on peasants, and his own place-based research would all be remarkable in themselves; taken together, I marvel at the scope of his knowledge. The author’s deep connection to farming in so many places, in both industrialized and developing countries, gives particular force to the power of his argumentation.
Tony Weis, University of Western Ontario
||Jan Douwe van der Ploeg
|Number of Pages