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Road Maintenance and Regravelling (ROMAR) Using Labour-Based Methods

By Claes-Axel Andersson
ISBN: 9781853393488
Written for the owners or managers of small construction businesses, the ROMAR books provide both the management and technical advice needed in order to make a success of routine maintenance and regravelling as a business activity.

Price: £23.70

Was: £24.95

Road Maintenance and Regravelling (ROMAR) Using Labour-Based Methods View Jacket

  • Synopsis
    Written for the owners or managers of small construction businesses, the ROMAR books provide both the management and technical advice needed in order to make a success of routine maintenance and regravelling as a business activity. The handbook and workbook can be used together by reading the chapter in the handbook and then working through the examples in the workbook. The first part of the books deals with the principles, including technical consideration and appropriate construction technology. The second part looks at putting these principles into practice * how roads deteriorate and how to manage maintenance contracts, how to carry out regravelling projects, pricing and bidding for road maintenance contracts and how to build up detailed prices for a bill of quantities.
  • Table of Contents
    PREFACE x
    THE AUTHORS xi
    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS xii
    HOW TO USE YOUR ROMAR BOOKS xiii
    SECTION A: PRINCIPLES
    1. ROADS: THEIR PURPOSE, TERMINOLOGY
    AND STANDARDS 3
    Learning objectives 3
    Introduction 3
    The purpose of roads 4
    Construction standards 4
    Classification 5
    Road works terminology 5
    Cross-section terms 6
    Drainage terms 8
    Major structures 9
    Principal standards for earth and gravel roads 11
    2. APPROPRIATE ROAD CONSTRUCTION
    AND MAINTENANCE TECHNOLOGY 14
    Learning objective 14
    Introduction 14
    The market for small-scale road work
    contractors 15
    Technology options 19
    Your choice 24
    3. SOIL MECHANICS 26
    Learning objectives 26
    Introduction 26
    How soil is described 27
    Soils 27
    Grading 28
    Other characteristics 28
    Soil conditions 28
    The surface layer 29
    Soil identification procedure 31
    Simple field tests 31
    Compaction 37
    4. EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS 40
    Learning objectives 40
    Introduction 40
    Plant for routine maintenance and regravelling 41
    Maintenance and repair of equipment and
    vehicles 45
    Maintenance and repair arrangements 45
    Maintenance organization 47
    Workshop facilities, staffing and activities 48
    Planning and reporting systems 51
    Service schedules 53
    Hand tools for routine maintenance and
    regravelling 54
    5. INTRODUCTION TO LABOUR-BASED
    ROAD CONSTRUCTION 72
    Learning objectives 72
    Introduction 72
    Site organization and support work 73
    Organization and staffing 73
    Site camp establishment 74
    Site stores, equipment and tools 75
    Employment of casual labour 77
    Construction activities 77
    Setting out: horizontal and vertical alignment 80
    General 80
    Description of measuring and control aids 81
    Control of road alignment 82
    Drainage and erosion control 89
    Productivity 93
    Low-cost structures 97
    Gravelling 97
    Alternative pavements 99
    Planning and reporting systems 99
    Example: construction activity steps 101
    SECTION B: PRACTICE
    6. ROAD MAINTENANCE 113
    Learning objectives 113
    Introduction 113
    Mechanisms of deterioration of roads 113
    Deterioration of roads 114
    Failure of roads 115
    Maintenance systems 117
    Routine maintenance 117
    Periodic maintenance 118
    Emergency maintenance 119
    Maintenance management 121
    Introduction 121
    Road inventories 121
    Assessment of maintenance requirements 121
    Setting maintenance priorities 123
    Preparation of work plans 123
    Implementation of maintenance work 124
    Reporting and monitoring 124
    Safety measures for work sites 125
    7. ROUTINE MAINTENANCE 130
    Learning objectives 130
    Introduction 130
    PART I. PLANNING 131
    Organizing the work 131
    General 131
    Site inspection 131
    Types of contract 132
    The lengthperson system 133
    The single gang system 135
    The gang system 136
    Planning and monitoring maintenance work 140
    Priorities for maintenance activities 141
    Work planning 142
    Work supervision and monitoring 155
    PART II. ROUTINE MAINTENANCE
    ACTIVITIES 157
    Introduction 157
    Activities 1-12 158
    8. REGRAVELLING 180
    Learning objectives 180
    Introduction 180
    The gravel layer 180
    Organization and planning of works 182
    General 182
    Site inspection 182
    Operational approaches 185
    Tractor-trailer hauling 187
    Lorry hauling 188
    Animal-drawn carts 188
    Site organization 189
    Site camp establishment 189
    Employment of casual labour 192
    Gravelling operations 198
    Improvement of quarry access road 198
    Preparation of quarries 199
    Road preparation 201
    Quarry work 203
    Hauling 205
    Gravelling 209
    Compaction 213
    Planning and monitoring gravelling work 214
    Advance planning of work 214
    Site operation planning 217
    9. PRICING AND BIDDING 224
    Learning objectives 224
    Introduction 224
    Contract management 225
    Contractor registration with client 226
    Respond to tender invitation 226
    Study the tender documents 226
    Site visit 228
    Cost estimating 229
    Financing 232
    Tender submission 233
    Contract negotiations 233
    Mobilization 233
    Work management 234
    Payment certificates 235
    Monitoring performance 235
    Training and manpower development 236
    Disputes and arbitration 237
    Pricing for routine maintenance contracts 237
    Pricing for regravelling contracts 247
    10. MANAGING PEOPLE 265
    Learning objectives 265
    Introduction 265
    What is management? 265
    Leadership 267
    Delegation 268
    Authority and responsibility 268
    Sources of authority 269
    Clear objectives 271
    Asking the right questions 272
    Know your work team 273
    Communication 274
    General 274
    How to communicate 276
    Training site supervisors 277
    Motivation 281
    Discipline and Morale 282
    Incentives 284
    Financial rewards 284
    Coping with complexity 286
    A helicopter view 287
    Annexe: ILO Labour standards 288
    References 293
    Recommended reading 297
  • Details
    Sub Title No
    Author Claes-Axel Andersson
    Editor No
    Number of Pages 316
    Format Paperback / softback
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