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Speaking Out

By Marilyn Carr
ISBN: 9781853393822
The book demonstrates how women are gaining increased access to, and control over, economic resources, and how this in turn has led to far-reaching socio-cultural and political changes. It also shows how women are now building and taking control of their own organizations which are becoming more autonomous and financially self-reliant.

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  • Synopsis
    This volume draws together the experiences of seven South Asian NGOs in organizing rural and urban poor women for economic empowerment. Going beyond the normal descriptive accounts of the work of these NGOs, it throws new light on how changes are occurring at the grassroots level, and analyses and defines economic empowerment from the perspective of the women themselves. Through seven detailed case studies, the book demonstrates how women are gaining increased access to, and control over, economic resources, and how this in turn has led to far-reaching socio-cultural and political changes at the individual, family, community and wider economy levels. It also shows how women are now building and taking control of their own organizations which are becoming more autonomous and financially self-reliant. This book will be of relevance to students of development and women's studies, development planners and practitioners, and women's organizations, as well as those with an interest in South Asia.
  • Table of Contents
    Preface
    NAZEER AZIZ LADHANI ix
    Preface
    NOELEEN HEYZER xi
    Acknowledgements xiii
    Introduction
    MARILYN CARR, MARTHA CHEN, RENANA JHABVALA 1
    Women and Poverty in South Asia 1
    Approaches to Women's Empowerment 3
    Experiences of NGOs and POs in Working with Women 6
    The Purpose of the Research 8
    The Research Project 9
    Research Questions 9
    Methodology 10
    Selection of Organizations 11
    Selection of Field Sites 11
    Summary of the Case Studies 12
    Case studies 19
    Village and Community Organizations
    Gathering the Second Harvest: Aga Khan Rural Support
    Programme (AKRSP) in Northern Pakistan
    ABINTA MALIK and SANDRA KALLEDER 21
    Transforming Women's Economies: Bangladesh Rural
    Advancement Committee (BRAC)
    GUL RUKH SELIM 45
    Demanding Accountability: Proshika in Bangladesh
    LAMIA RASHID and Md. SHAHABUDDIN 67
    Co-operatives
    'Like my Mother's House': Women's Thrift and Credit
    Co-operatives in South India
    NANDITA RAY and D.P. VASUNDHARA 85
    Rural Women Manage their own Producer Co-operatives:
    Self Employed Women's Association (SEWA)/Banaskantha
    Women's Association in Western India
    SHARIT BHOWMIK and RENANA JHABVALA 105
    Women's Banks
    Women Banking for Success: Women's Development Federation
    (WDF) in Sri Lanka
    W.M. LEELASENA and CHITRANI DHAMMIKA 127
    Unionization
    Empowering Marginalized Workers: Unionization of Tobacco
    Workers by the Self Employed Women's Association (SEWA) in
    Kheda, Gujarat
    SHARIT BHOWMIK and MEENA PATEL 143
    A Struggle within a Struggle: The Unionization of Women in
    the Informal Sector in Tamil Nadu
    GEETHA RAMAKRISHNAN 167
    Lessons learned
    MARILYN CARR, MARTHA CHEN, RENANA JHABVALA 185
    Overview 185
    Sources of Disempowerment 188
    Marriage and Kinship Systems 188
    Household and Extended Family 189
    Patron-client Relationships 190
    Community Groups and Local Councils 190
    Wider Economy and Markets 190
    Organizing Women for Economic Empowerment 193
    Reasons for Organizing 193
    Barriers to Effective Organizing 195
    Autonomy and Sustainability of Women's Organizations 196
    Empowerment Strategies 198
    Specific Economic Strategies 198
    Financial Interventions 198
    Enterprise Development 199
    Market Strategies 200
    Bargaining 201
    Socio-political Strategies 201
    Broader Economic Support Goals 202
    The Economic Empowerment of Women 203
    Material Gains/Economic Change 203
    Direct Tangible Results 205
    Indirect Tangible Results 206
    Less-Tangible Outcomes 207
    Increased Bargaining Power 207
    Structural Change 210
    Towards a Broader Perspective on Women's Empowerment 213
    Everyday Forms of Women's Empowerment 213
    The Economic is Political 215
    Personal and Collective Power 217
    Speaking Out 217
    References 219
    About the Contributors 220
    Glossary of non-English Terms 222
    List of Acronyms 224
    Annotated Bibliography: Selected Studies on
    Women's Empowerment
    SOPHIA LAM 225
  • Details
    Sub Title No
    Author Marilyn Carr
    Editor No
    Number of Pages 256
    Format Paperback / softback