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Stone

By Asher Shadmon
ISBN: 9781853393136
This useful general survey describes the varieties and uses of stone as a building material - whether cut or field-stone - and how to extract, work and use it. A new chapter on stone and the environment emphasizes the importance of planning, waste recycling and quarry rehabilitation as part of the extraction process.

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  • Synopsis
    This useful general survey describes the varieties and uses of stone as a building material - whether cut or field-stone - and how to extract, work and use it. A new chapter on stone and the environment emphasizes the importance of planning, waste recycling and quarry rehabilitation as part of the extraction process. There is a new appendix outlining procedures for testing stone's flexural and compressive strength and discussing the importance of slip resistance.
  • Table of Contents
    Foreword to second edition ix
    Foreword to first edition x
    1. Nature's own building material 1
    Early use 1
    Advantages of stone 4
    The future of stone 7
    2. Stone materials 10
    Terminology 10
    Rock types 12
    Sedimentary rocks 13
    Seasoning 14
    Weathering 15
    Insulation 16
    Porosity 16
    Florescence 17
    Strength 18
    Weight 20
    Hardness 20
    3. Stone sources 23
    Locating stone 23
    Types of deposit 24
    Boulder resources 26
    Sorting shapes 28
    Identification of deposit 29
    Further exploration 29
    Surface features of stone deposits 32
    4. Stone extraction 41
    Quarry planning and development 41
    Location 42
    Opening up quarries 43
    National planning and inventory 43
    Preparation and extraction 46
    Slabby layers 49
    Extraction devices 50
    Raising blocks from the quarry floor 54
    Transport 55
    5. Stone and the environment 59
    The effects of quarrying on the environment 60
    Case study: Olival quarry 64
    Case study: Estremoz quarry 65
    Case study: Ontario 65
    Effects of the environment on stone 68
    6. Tools for stoneworking 73
    Terminology 73
    Tools and techniques 73
    Splitting devices 75
    Sizing sedimentary stones 77
    Splitting 78
    Hammers 79
    Chisels 82
    Drills 84
    Saws 85
    Bars 85
    Stone-breaking 90
    Hand-cutting a plane surface 90
    7. Architectural uses 95
    Types of building stone 95
    Types of dressing 96
    Masonry practices 98
    Field-stone construction 101
    Building a wall 104
    Construction of dwellings 109
    Foundations 109
    Walls 113
    Stone as a roof covering 116
    Arches 119
    Floors 121
    8. Industrial production 125
    Quarrying practices 127
    Drilling methods 127
    Wire-sawing 128
    Extraction by chain-saw 129
    Flame-jet cutting 130
    Water-jet cutting 131
    Processing 131
    Primary cutting 132
    Secondary sawing 136
    Surface processes 137
    Gritting 138
    Finishes 139
    Polishing 140
    Fixing 142
    Automation 143
    Waxing and packing 145
    9. Stone development 150
    Comparative costs 150
    Planning 151
    Investing in equipment 152
    Commercial factors 153
    Pricing 154
    Transport 154
    Promotion 155
    Statistics for the future 158
    Foundations of success 159
    Appendix: Stone testing 162
    Current situation 162
    Testing procedures 162
    Safety factor 164
    Durability 164
    Surface finish 165
    Bibliography 167
    Glossary 168
  • Endorsements
    "...must be commended for its clarity...even the most experienced stone worker and user will learn something"
    Stone Industries
  • Details
    Sub Title N/A
    Author Asher Shadmon
    Editor No
    Number of Pages 184
    Format Paperback / softback
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