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Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development eBook

By Ian Scoones
ISBN: 9781780448756
Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development looks at the role of social institutions and the politics of policy, as well as issues of identity, gender and generation. The relationships between sustainability and livelihoods are examined, and livelihoods analysis situated within a wider political economy of environmental and agrarian change.

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Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development eBook View Jacket

  • Synopsis
    The message of Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development is clear: livelihoods approaches are an essential lens on questions of rural development, but these need to be situated in a better understanding of political economy. The book looks at the role of social institutions and the politics of policy, as well as issues of identity, gender and generation. The relationships between sustainability and livelihoods are examined, and the book situates livelihoods analysis within a wider political economy of environmental and agrarian change. Four dimensions of a new politics of livelihoods are suggested: a politics of interests, individuals, knowledge and ecology. Together, these suggest new ways of conceptualizing rural and agrarian issues, with profound implications for both thinking and action.
  • Table of Contents
    Prelims [ Inter-Church Organization for Development | Cooperation Statement | Acknowledgements | Series Editors’ Foreword | Author’s Preface

    1 Livelihoods Perspectives: A Brief History
    Livelihoods Thinking
    Sustainable Rural Livelihoods
    Keywords
    Core Questions

    2 Livelihoods, Poverty and Wellbeing
    Livelihood Outcomes: Conceptual Foundations
    Measuring Livelihood Outcomes
    Evaluating Inequality
    Multidimensional Metrics and Indices
    Whose Indicators Count? Participatory and Ethnographic Approaches
    Poverty Dynamics and Livelihood Change
    Rights, Empowerment and Inequality
    Conclusion

    3 Livelihoods Frameworks and Beyond
    Livelihood Contexts and Strategies
    Livelihood Assets, Resources and Capitals
    Livelihood Change
    Politics and Power
    What’s in a Framework?
    Conclusion

    4 Access and Control: Institutions, Organizations and Policy Processes
    Institutions and Organizations
    Understanding Access and Exclusion
    Institutions, Practice and Agency
    Difference, Recognition and Voice
    Policy Processes
    Unpacking the Black Box

    5 Livelihoods, the Environment and Sustainability
    People and the Environment: A Dynamic Relationship
    Resource Scarcity: Beyond Malthus
    Non-Equilibrium Ecologies
    Sustainability as Adaptive Practice
    Livelihoods and Lifestyles
    A Political Ecology of Sustainability
    Sustainability Reframed: Politics and Negotiation

    6 Livelihoods and Political Economy
    Unity of the Diverse
    Class, Livelihoods and Agrarian Dynamics
    States, Markets and Citizens
    Conclusion

    7 Asking the Right Questions: An Extended Livelihoods Approach
    Political Economy and Rural Livelihood Analysis: Six Cases
    Emerging Themes
    Conclusion

    8 Methods for Livelihoods Analysis
    Mixed Methods: Beyond Disciplinary Silos
    Operational Approaches to Livelihoods Assessment
    Towards a Political Economy Analysis of Livelihoods
    Challenging Biases
    Conclusion

    9 Bringing Politics Back In: New Challenges for Livelihoods Perspectives
    Politics of Interests
    Politics of Individuals
    Politics of Knowledge
    Politics of Ecology
    A New Politics of Livelihoods

    Back Matter [References | Index]
  • Endorsements
    'This is an extraordinarily important book. It should become a classic. It is a must for every development professional. It is a masterly analysis and overview of the evolution and dimensions of the sustainable livelihoods approach, and opens up new territory of political economy, political ecology and a new politics of livelihoods. Concise yet comprehensive, combining and drawing on the perspectives of many disciplines, accessible to all readers, professionally impeccable, and on top of all this, original in its analysis and extension into new fields, this book is a wonderful contribution to development thinking and action. May it be very widely read, and may it be very influential.'
    Robert Chambers, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex

    'In this uniquely comprehensive, lucid and valuable review of notions of sustainable livelihoods and their applications, Ian Scoones makes a potent argument for reinstating an expansive perspective on livelihoods, informed by the political economy of agrarian change, at the centre of current concerns with overcoming rural inequality and poverty.'
    Henry Bernstein, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London

    'Ian Scoones has produced a book that is in perfect balance: immensely useful, it is also challenging; theoretically perceptive, it is wonderfully readable; historically informed, it also looks forward, proposing agendas for scholars and professionals alike. Students and practitioners will find it invaluable because it places livelihood thinking in context, explores its applications, explains its limits and — perhaps most important of all — persuades the reader that being political and being practical are absolutely not mutually exclusive options in development, whether writing about it or working within it.'
    Anthony Bebbington, Graduate School of Geography, Clark University and idpm, University of Manchester

    'This book offers a sanguine assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of a sustainable livelihoods approach. The proposed extension of the approach builds on a political economy tradition in agrarian and development studies. Nurturing sustainable livelihoods for the poor is not just about recognizing their exceptional skill at making a living, which includes diversifying livelihoods, jumping scales and nesting home places within productive networks, but also mitigating their vulnerability to land grabs, drought and floods, natural disasters, corporate greed and venal politics.'
    Simon Batterbury, University of Melbourne
  • Details
    Sub Title No
    Author Ian Scoones
    Editor No
    Number of Pages 168
    Format eBook
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