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Innovations for Urban Sanitation

Adapting community-led approaches
By Jamie Myers,Sue Cavill,Samuel Musyoki,Katherine Pasteur,Lucy Stevens

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Innovations for Urban Sanitation
ISBN: 9781788530163
Format: Hardback

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ISBN: 9781788530170
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Innovations for Urban Sanitation View Jacket

  • Synopsis
    Over half the world’s population now lives in urban areas and a large proportion of them lives without improved sanitation. Efforts to tackle open defecation in rural areas has been led by the Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) movement. But how can the community mobilization techniques of CLTS be adapted to the more complex situations and transient populations in urban areas? How can landlords as well as tenants be motivated to provide and use safely managed sanitation?

    Innovations in Urban Sanitation has been developed in response to calls from practitioners for practical guidance on how to mobilize communities and improve different parts of the sanitation chain in urban areas. Urban Community-Led Total Sanitation is potentially an important piece of a bigger puzzle. It offers a set of approaches, tools and tactics for practitioners to move towards safely managed sanitation services. The book provides examples of towns and cities in Africa, South Asia and South-East Asia which have used these approaches.
    The approach has the potential to contribute not only to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 on water, sanitation and hygiene and SDG 11 on cities but also those concerning the reduction of inequalities and the promotion of inclusive societies. As a pro-poor development strategy, U-CLTS can mobilize the urban poor to take their own collective action and demand a response from others to provide safely managed sanitation, hygiene and water services which leave no one behind.
  • Table of Contents
    Tables, boxes, and figures
    Author and organization biographies
    Acronyms and abbreviations
    Glossary of key terms
    Acknowledgements
    Overview
    Chapter 1: Introduction
    Who is this book for?
    The principles of U-CLTS
    Comparing the use of CLTS in urban versus rural settings
    U-CLTS across urban typologies
    Challenges for U-CLTS
    Roles and responsibilities within U-CLTS
    How to use this guide
    Dos and don’ts
    Notes for users
    PART 1: The guide
    Chapter 2: Stage 1: Assessment and preparation (pre-triggering)
    Key messages
    Purpose of assessment and preparation
    Situation analysis
    Stakeholder analysis and identifying key partners
    Key partner capacity building and selection of communities
    Preparing to enter the community
    Key tasks here will include exploratory visits to:
    Dos and don’ts for assessment and preparation (pre-triggering)
    Notes for users
    Chapter 3: Stage 2: U-CLTS triggering and institutional advocacy
    Key messages
    Purpose of U-CLTS triggering
    Community triggering
    Community-led action planning processes
    Institutional advocacy and action planning
    Institutional advocacy tools and tactics
    Dos and don’ts for triggering, advocacy, and action planning
    Notes for users
    Chapter 4: Stage 3: Integrating U-CLTS across the sanitation chain
    Key messages
    Purpose of integrating U-CLTS across the sanitation chain
    Revising and enforcing regulations across the sanitation chain
    Safe capture and containment
    Safe emptying and transportation
    Safe treatment, disposal, and possible reuse
    Associated waste streams
    Dos and don’ts for integrating U-CLTS across the sanitation chain
    Notes for users
    Chapter 5: Stage 4: Maintaining momentum
    Key messages
    Purpose of maintaining momentum
    Follow-up
    Monitoring
    Verification, certification, and celebration
    Sustainability
    Dos and don’ts and action points for maintaining momentum
    Notes for users
    PART 2: Case studies
    Chapter 6: U-CLTS case studies
    Introduction to the case studies
    Case Study 1: Choma, Zambia
    Case Study 2: Eight towns in Ethiopia
    Case Study 3: Fort Dauphin, Madagascar
    Case Study 4: Gulariya, Nepal
    Case Study 5: Hawassa, Ethiopia
    Case Study 6: Himbirti, Eritrea
    Case Study 7: Iringa, Tanzania
    Case Study 8: IUWASH, Indonesia
    Case Study 9: Kabwe, Zambia
    Case Study 10: Logo, Nigeria
    Case Study 11: Mathare 10, Nairobi, Kenya
    Case Study 12: Nakuru, Kenya
    Case Study 13: New Delhi, India
    Case Study 14: Ribaué and Rapale, Mozambique
    Case Study 15: Small towns in Northern and Southern Nigeria
    Conclusion
    References
  • Endorsements
    The urban sanitation sector suffers from a lack of effective engagement with the people who will use the services. Developments are usually driven by engineers, technology and regulations, with little heed paid to the capacities, aspirations, motivations and affordability of the sanitation services to the user. Innovations for Urban Sanitation: Adapting Community-Led Approaches contributes to redressing that balance and giving voice to the community and sanitation users. This useful new book applies what has been learned from using participatory tools in rural and urban sanitation to provide practical approaches to partner better with communities in urban sanitation projects – big and small. As a workbook it provides a menu of tools and techniques to mix and match for different types of urban sanitation project. Projects and programmes which systematically use these approaches will achieve better community engagement and increased ownership and thus improve the sustainability and outcomes of urban sanitation investments.
    Isabel Blackett, Consultant, Inclusive Sanitation in Practice (ISP)

    A timely and valuable book for anyone wanting to better understand the complexities of CLTS in urban settings. The authors helpfully combine comprehensive descriptions, practical guidance and tools for integrating CLTS into sustainable urban sanitation services.
    Rebecca Scott, Lecturer in Public Health Engineering, WEDC, Loughborough University, UK
  • Details
    Sub Title Adapting community-led approaches
    Author Jamie Myers,Sue Cavill,Samuel Musyoki,Katherine Pasteur,Lucy Stevens
    Editor No
    Number of Pages 180