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Solar Energy for Rural Communities

By Gil Yaron,Tani Forbes Irving,Sven Jansson
ISBN: 9781853392429
Little use has been made of solar energy to meet the needs of rural communities. This book investigates the potential for photovoltaic and, to a lesser extent, other solar energy technologies to meet these energy needs.
£14.95

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  • Synopsis
    In Namibia, as in many developing countries, a high proportion of rural communities lack access to the national electricity grid. A major reason for this is the fundamental problem of providing a service, which cannot recover its costs, to areas of low population density. Little use has been made of solar energy to meet the needs of rural communities. This book investigates the potential for photovoltaic and, to a lesser extent, other solar energy technologies to meet these energy needs.
  • Table of Contents
    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ix
    CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
    CHAPTER 2 NAMIBIA: AN OVERVIEW 4
    2.1 History 4
    2.2 Geography and demography 4
    2.3 Climate 5
    2.4 Economy 6
    CHAPTER 3 ELECTRICITY, DEVELOPMENT AND SOLAR POWER 11
    3.1 Electricity, household needs and development 11
    3.2 Meeting rural communities' electricity needs-a role for solar? . . . . 15
    Grid extension versus stand-alone systems for rural
    electrification 16
    Cost considerations beyond unit costs 26
    CHAPTER 4 WHAT KIND OF SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEM ? 30
    4.1 Photovoltaic energy-an overview 30
    4.2 Centralized PV power stations 32
    4.3 Rechargeable battery systems 33
    4.4 Solar Home Systems (SHS) 36
    CHAPTER 5 SOLAR ELECTRICITY FOR RURAL HOUSEHOLDS 39
    5.1 Introduction 39
    5.2 Rural household energy use in Namibia 39
    Survey methodology 39
    Modelling willingness to pay 41
    Survey results 42
    Consumer willingness to pay for electricity 48
    CONTENTS
    CHAPTER 6 WATER PUMPING FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES 56
    6.1 Introduction 56
    6.2 Water use and needs 56
    6.3 Borehole water pumping technology used in Namibia 57
    6.4 The economics of alternative water-pumping technologies 60
    6.5 Some relevant experiences from various developing countries . . . . 66
    6.6 Results of case studies from Namibia 69
    6.7 Solar water heating 73
    6.8 Desalination 74
    CHAPTER 7 PV POWER FOR RURAL CLINICS, SCHOOLS AND SMALL
    BUSINESSES 77
    7.1 Introduction 77
    7.2 Opportunities for PV use-an overview 77
    7.3 Lighting and communications-options and costs 80
    7.4 PV lighting and communications-evidence from the developing
    world 81
    7.5 PV lighting and communications-results of case studies in
    Namibia 83
    CHAPTER 8 WOODFUEL SCARCITY AND THE SOLAR OPTION 88
    8.1 Woodfuel scarcity 88
    8.2 Socioeconomic impacts of a diminishing fuelwood supply 88
    8.3 Environmental impacts of woodfuel use 89
    8.5 An overview of solar cooker technology 91
    8.6 Practical application of solar cooking technology in rural
    communities 92
    8.7 The scope for solar cooking in Namibia 93
    8.8 Some areas for further research 100
    CHAPTER 9 MAKING SOLAR ENERGY WORK FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES
    IN NAMIBIA 101
    9.1 Introduction 101
    9.2 What makes a rural PV installation a success? 101
    9.3 Policy implications for rural PV programmes 103
    APPENDIX 1 MODELLING THE COSTS OF RURAL ELECTRIFICATION 111
    APPENDIX 2 RESULTS OF EQUATIONS ESTIMATED FOR
    INCOME GROUPS 118
    APPENDIX 3 CASE STUDIES OF SOLAR POWER IN NAMIBIA 119
    CONTENTS
    APPENDIX 4 AN OVERVIEW OF SOLAR COOKING TECHNOLOGY . . . 130
    REFERENCES 133
    INDEX 141
  • Details
    Sub Title N/A
    Author Gil Yaron,Tani Forbes Irving,Sven Jansson
    Editor No
    Number of Pages 160
    Format Paperback / softback
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