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The Technological Transformation of Rural India

By A. Reddy,A S Bhalla
ISBN: 9781853391996
Using case studies from India this book presents a conceptual model of commercialization of rural technologies in developing countries. It concludes that India has not placed enough emphasis on ensuring the efficiency of small-scale production units.
£22.95

The Technological Transformation of Rural India View Jacket

  • Synopsis
    Using case studies from India this book presents a conceptual model of commercialization of rural technologies in developing countries. It concludes that India has not placed enough emphasis on ensuring the efficiency of small-scale production units.
  • Table of Contents
    Preface viii
    List of abbreviations x
    list of tables xii
    List of figures xiii
    Notes on the contributors xiv
    INTRODUCTION A.S. BHALLA and AMULYA K.N. REDDY 1
    Technological transformation 2
    The Indian rural economy 5
    Some salient features of case studies 10
    Scope of the volume 16
    PART ONE: CONCEPTS, ISSUES AND POLICIES
    1. The commercialization of improved technologies in
    rural areas
    K.N. KRISHNASWAMY and AMULYA K.N. REDDY 23
    Interactions between technology and society in mixed
    market/non-market economies 24
    Classification of rural technologies from the viewpoint
    of commercialization 28
    A model of commercialization of rural technology 30
    Barriers to commercialization 35
    Concluding remarks 42
    2. Effective design and diffusion of rural technologies
    ASHOK KHOSLA 44
    Traditional technology 45
    Frontier technology 46
    Appropriate technology 48
    Sources of innovation 50
    Adapting technologies 51
    Organizational initiatives for innovation 57
    Conclusion 62
    Appendix: The technology package 62
    3. Policies for rural industries and rural technologies
    DEVENDRA B. GUPTA 64
    Rural industrialization 64
    An assessment of government programmes and policies 70
    Programmes 71
    Policies 76
    Rural industry and technology policy 83
    Conclusion 85
    4. Institutional aspects of the diffusion of renewable
    energy technologies
    R. BHATIA 87
    The diffusion of renewable energy technologies: an analytical
    framework 88
    Renewable energy programmes in India 91
    Organizations involved in energy questions 96
    The role of institutions in technology diffusion 100
    Institutional innovations for improved implementation 106
    Conclusion 110
    PART TWO: CASE STUDIES
    5. Experiences of the Khadi and Village Industries
    Commission in technology transfer
    YASHWANT A. PANDITRAO 113
    Origin of the KVIC and fields of activity 114
    The role of KVIC in research and development and technology
    transfer 116
    Lessons from the KVIC experience 130
    6. The role of non-governmental organizations in the
    diffusion of rural technologies
    DEVENDRA KUMAR 133
    Sources of technology for NGOs 133
    How NGOs select rural technologies for diffusion 135
    Experience of NGOs engaged in rural technology dissemination 136
    The role of training 141
    Conclusion 142
    7. The diffusion of biogas systems
    R. BHATIA, R. LICHTMAN, A. PEREIRA and W. TENTSCHER 145
    Technical and economic status of biogas systems 145
    India's National Project on Biogas Development (NPBD) 148
    Rethinking the NPBD's diffusion policy 159
    Conclusions 161
    8. The Pura community biogas plant (Karnataka)
    K.N. KRISHNASWAMY and AMULYA K.N. REDDY 164
    The experience at Pura 165
    Individual versus collective initiatives 169
    Conclusion 172
    9. The ASTRA stove (Karnataka)
    K.N. KRISHNASWAMY and AMULYA K.N. REDDY 174
    The origin of the ASTRA stove 174
    The ASTRA stove technology 175
    The idea generation phase 178
    The research, development and design phase 181
    The dissemination phase 181
    An evaluation of the large-scale diffusion programme 186
    Implications of the ASTRA stove experiment for technology
    generation and dissemination 188
    10. Mini grain mills
    K.N. KRISHNASWAMY and AMULYA K.N. REDDY 190
    The limitations of Western technology 190
    Alternative technology 192
    Design criteria and cost considerations 193
    The dissemination of mini grain mills 196
    Conclusion 200
    11. The small-scale farm machinery industry in Uttar
    Pradesh
    S.C. MISHRA 201
    The industrial economy of Uttar Pradesh 201
    The farm machinery survey 203
    Technological change in the Uttar Pradesh farm machinery
    industry 214
    Marketing agricultural machinery 217
    Conclusions and policy implications 219
    Notes and references 222
    Selective bibliography 231
    Index 235
  • Details
    Sub Title N/A
    Author A. Reddy,A S Bhalla
    Editor No
    Number of Pages 256
    Format Paperback / softback
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