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Who Changes?

Edited By James Blackburn,Jeremy Holland
ISBN: 9781853394201
The book explores the main issues and concerns of development professionals involved in PRA (Participatory Rural Appraisal) practices: adapting PRA methods from micro to macro organizations and the type of changes required by an organization to implement PRA effectively.
£17.95

Who Changes? View Jacket

  • Synopsis
    The recent trend of participatory approaches presents challenges to those working in the development sector.
    Who Changes? draws together, for the first time, lessons and experiences from key development agencies around the globe on the institutional change needed to make participation a reality. The book explores the main issues and concerns of development professionals involved in PRA (Participatory Rural Appraisal) practices: adapting PRA methods from micro to macro organizations and the type of changes required by an organization to implement PRA effectively. In addition, the reader is provided with a checklist of practical considerations to guide them through this complex field: training programmes and training needs for all those involved in the participation programme, implementing projects from piloting stages to gradual scaling up, institutional change and the changing cultures and procedures of hierarchical organizations, and participatory monitoring and evaluation. Containing highly readable accounts and clear summaries by development workers from a variety of development settings across the globe, Who Changes? will be a valuable asset to all development professionals concerned with PRA approaches from fieldworkers to practitioners and policy makers.
  • Table of Contents
    List of figures, tables and boxes
    Abbreviations
    Acknowledgements
    Foreword ROBERT CHAMBERS
    1. General introduction
    Part 1: The scaling-up of participatory approaches: opportunities
    and dangers
    2. Introduction to Part 1
    3. Internalizing and diffusing the PRA approach: the case of
    Ethiopia
    DEREJE WORDOFA
    Learning and internalizing
    Diffusing the methodology and influencing others
    New ways forward?
    4. Scaling-up PRA: lessons from Vietnam
    BARDOLF PAUL
    Background to the Forestry Cooperation Programme
    A systems approach to institutionalization
    5. The rush to scale: lessons being learnt in Indonesia
    NILANJANA MUKHERJEE
    Country-wide participatory planning: how it happened
    What we can learn from the experience
    6. Scaling-down as the key to scaling-up? The role of
    participatory municipal planning in Bolivia's Law of
    Popular Participation
    JAMES BLACKBURN and COSTANZA de TOMA
    Scaling-down, Bolivian style
    New roles for local institutions: the key to making the LPP work
    State-sanctioned participatory planning: a contradiction in terms?
    NGO-State relations and the LPP
    A realignment of political forces
    Participatory social assessment in an economy in transition:
    strengthening capacity and influencing policy in Estonia
    JOHN THOMPSON
    The context
    The challenge
    The participatory social assessment (PSA)
    Findings of Phase I
    Learning from the past, building for the future
    8. Scaling-up of participatory approaches through
    institutionalization in Government Services: the case of
    agricultural extension in Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe
    JURGEN HAGMANN, EDWARD CHUMA and KUDAKWASHE MURWIRA
    Concept and approach for participatory innovation development
    and extension
    Strategy for institutionalizing the participatory approach
    Lessons learnt from experience
    Conclusions and recommendations
    9. Scaling-up or scaling-down? The experience of
    institutionalizing PRA in the slum-improvement
    projects in India
    KAMAL KAR and SUE PHILLIPS
    Background
    Problems of scaling-up
    Efforts to scale down and create small examples of sustained
    community action
    Lessons learnt and conclusions
    Part 2: Organizational change: the key to institutionalizing
    participation?
    10. Introduction to Part 2
    1 1. The participatory watershed development implementation
    process: some practical tips drawn from OUTREACH in
    South India
    JAMES MASCARENHAS
    Stage 1: preparation time and the creation of self-help groups
    Stage 2: participatory planning processes and procedures
    Stage 3: the implementation plan
    Stage 4: withdrawal from the micro-watershed
    Conclusion
    12. Introducing participatory learning approaches in the
    Self-help Support Programme, Sri Lanka
    MALLIKA SAMARANAYAKE
    National Development Foundation (NDF), partner of Self-SP
    Institutional changes resulting from the wholesale adoption of
    participatory methodologies 1990-94
    Key factors emerging from the programme's reorientation
    Constraints generally faced by NGOs when attempting to
    institutionalize participatory approaches
    13. Participatory management or community-managed
    programmes? Reflections from experience in Somaliland
    SAM JOSEPH
    New roles for development managers
    Rethinking project management
    14. Participatory environmental management: contradiction of
    process, project and bureaucracy in the Himalayan Foothills
    ANDREW SHEPHERD
    Recent paradigm shifts
    Participation and Indian bureaucracy
    The question of targets in participatory projects
    How to merge project activities with people's priorities
    Lessons for paradigm shifters
    15. Taking on the challenge of participatory development at
    GTZ: searching for innovation and reflecting on the
    experience gained
    HEINRICH EYLERS and REINER FORSTER
    Background to GTZ's experience
    Some lessons from GTZ-supported projects
    Reorientations and challenges for GTZ as an organization
    16. Participatory Approaches in Government Bureaucracies:
    Facilitating Institutional Change
    JOHN THOMPSON
    Recognizing the need for institutional change
    Training for transformation?
    The institutional learning and training cycle
    Charting the course from participatory rhetoric to participatory
    reality
    Part 3: Where do we go from here?
    17. Introduction to Part 3
    18. Current challenges facing participatory rural appraisal
    ROBERT LEURS
    Challenges facing PRA at the individual level
    Challenges facing PRA at the colllrnunity level
    Challenges facing PRA at the organizational level 128
    Challenges facing PRA at the projectlprogramme level 129
    Challenges facing PRA at the policy level 131
    Challenges facing PRA at the donor level 132
    Conclusions 133
    19. Reflections and recommendations on scaling-up and
    organizational change
    IDS WORKSHOP 135
    Enabling conditions for scaling-up 135
    Dangers of rapid scaling up for PRA practice 137
    Recommendations for quality PRA training and field practice 138
    Recommended actions for communities and local groups, NGOs
    and donors 142
    Recommended actions for those involved in shifting organizations
    to more people-centred and participatory approaches 1 44
    20. Towards a learning organization - making development
    agencies more participatory from the inside
    IDS WORKSHOP 145
    Understanding the issue 145
    Procedures 147
    Systems and Structures 148
    21. The Scaling-up and Institutionalization of PRA: lessons and
    challenges
    JOHN GAVENTA 153
    Micro-macro linkages 153
    The dimensions of scaling-up 154
    Scaling-out: increasing the types of quality of participation 156
    Scaling-up: increasing the quantity of participation 159
    Institutional change 161
    Summary and questions for future research 163
    22. Conclusion
    JAMES BLACKBURN 167
    References 179
  • Details
    Sub Title N/A
    Author No
    Editor James Blackburn,Jeremy Holland
    Number of Pages 216
    Format Paperback / softback
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