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Whose Voice?

By Jeremy Holland
ISBN: 9781853394195
PRA approaches have opened up new ways in which policy can be influenced by those who are poor, weak, marginalized and excluded. With the increasing use of PRA practices by NGOs, governments and multinational agencies, the potential impact for poor people is phenomenal. This book demonstrates the far-reaching implications of such approaches.

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  • Synopsis
    PRA and related participatory approaches have opened up new ways in which policy can be influenced by the realities of those who are poor, weak, marginalized and excluded. With the increasing use of PRA methods and practices by NGOs, governments and multinational agencies, the potential impact for poor people is phenomenal. Whose Voice? demonstrates the far-reaching implications of such approaches for the development sector. The book incorporates the findings of the international workshop on Institutionalization of Participatory Approaches held at the Institute of Development Studies in 1996 and is presented in an easily digestible three part structure: Part 1 explores case studies in which participatory methods and approaches have been used to influence policy, Part 2 concentrates on PPA (Participatory Poverty Analysis), an innovative approach designed to bring local poverty and policy analysis into the policy process, and Part 3 discusses key issues arising during the IDS workshop, and includes chapters by several participants. Containing detailed case studies from around the world and analysis of key development agencies, NGOs and organizations across the sector over the past decade, Whose Voice? will be invaluable to professionals and policy makers, either directly involved or with a special interest in PRA approaches and methods and their impact upon policy and development.
  • Table of Contents
    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
    ABBREVIATIOANNSD ADDRESSES
    Foreword
    ROBERT CHAMBERS
    1 General Introduction
    PART 1: Thematic and sectoral studies
    2 Introduction
    3 Using PRA for Agricultural Policy Analysis in Nepal:
    the Tarai Research Network Foodgrain Study
    GERARD GILL
    The Tarai Research Network (TRN)
    Why use PRA methods?
    Summary results
    Farmers' views on productivity trends
    Conclusions
    4 Coping with Cost Recovery in Zambia: a sectoral policy
    study
    DAVID BOOTH
    Background
    The experience
    Some lessons
    5 Designing the Future Together: PRA and education
    policy in The Gambia
    EILEEN KANE, LAWRENCE BRUCE and MARY OREILLY DE BRUN
    The problem
    Challenges
    Background and sequence of events
    Findings, learnings, insights
    What triggered the changes in education policy?
    Designing the future together
    6 Can Policy-focused Research be Participatory? Research
    on violence and poverty in Jamaica using PRA methods
    CAROLINE MOSER and JEREMY HOLLAND
    Context and definitions
    Who defines the objectives of the study?
    Is the product more important than the process?
    Who provides the framework for analysis?
    What dissemination procedures best ensure that all voices
    are heard?
    Conclusion
    7 Village Voices Challenging Wetland-management
    Policies: PRA experiences from Pakistan and India
    BIKSHAM GUJJA, MICHEL PIMBERT and MEERA SHAH
    The context
    New insights experienced by outsiders
    Policy implications
    Changes in policy and action
    Costs and benefits
    Learning from the process
    8 The Use of RRA to Inform Policy: tenure issues in
    Madagascar and Guinea
    KAREN SCHOONMAKER FREUDENBERGER
    Background
    How RRA was used
    A key difference: composition of the research teams
    Reasons to use RRA to inform policy discussions
    Reasons to include policymakers as members of the RRA
    research team
    Problems that arise in using RRA to inform policy dialogues
    9 Scottish Forestry Policy 'U-turn': was PRA in Laggan
    behind it?
    ANDY INGLIS and SUSAN GUY
    Overview
    PRA in Laggan
    PRA and policy change: a return to Laggan
    Conclusion: what did we learn?
    10 IDS Workshop: reflections on thematic and sectoral
    studies
    What influence have thematic and sectoral studies had?
    How can the thematic approach be improved?
    PART 2: Participatory poverty assessments
    11 Introduction
    12 'The One Who Rides The Donkey Does Not Know The
    Ground Is Hot': CEDEP's involvement in the Ghana PPA
    TONY DOGBE
    Rich man, poor man
    The PPA studies in Ghana
    South-South skills share and networking
    Handing over the stick
    The RRA-PRA spectrum
    Face-to-face interaction
    Presenting the findings of PRA-style studies
    Policy influence
    Conclusion
    13 The Impact of PRA Approaches and Methods on Policy
    and Practice: the Zambia PPA
    JOHN MILIMO, ANDREW NORTON and DANIEL OWEN
    Rationale and objectives
    The role of the Participatory Assessment Group (PAG)
    Methodology
    Policy impact
    Issues of training and methodology
    Emerging strengths of the Zambia PPA process
    Emerging lessons from the Zambia PPA process
    Conclusion
    14 Whose PPA is this? Lessons learned from the
    Mozambique PPA
    DANIEL OWEN
    Introduction
    Objectives and planning
    Trade-offs in the PPA process: ownership vs. quality
    Trade-offs in policy outcomes: rapid information feedback
    vs. policy-level acceptability
    'Whose PPA is this?'
    15 Kicking Down Doors and Lighting Fires: the South
    African PPA
    HEIDI A'ITWOOD and JULIAN MAY
    A means to an end
    Designing the South Africa PPA process
    From research results to policy recommendations
    Strengths and weaknesses
    16 PPAs: a review of the World Bank's experience
    CAROLINE ROBB
    Introduction
    Community-level issues
    Country-level issues
    World Bank issues
    PPAs and country policy
    PPAs and World Bank policy
    Objectives
    17 Some Reflections on the PPA Process and Lessons
    Learned
    ANDREW NORTON
    What influence have PPAs had?
    How can the PPA process be improved?
    PART 3: Whose voice? Reflections fkom the IDS workshop
    18 Introduction
    19 How Are Local Voices Heard by Policymakers?
    IDS WORKSHOP
    Bridging discourses: participatory intermediary structures
    and the role of the researcher
    Merging discourses: bringing policymakers and local people
    together
    20 Getting Policymakers to Move the Bricks Around:
    advocacy and participatory-irrigation management
    in India
    JAMES BLACKBURN
    Inspiration from the Philippines
    Working groups
    Process Documentation Research (PDR)
    A call for NGOs to learn
    21 Challenges in Influencing Public Policy: an NGO
    perspective
    ANIL C. SHAH
    22 Towards Community-sensitive Policy: influencing the
    Uganda National Health Plan
    BEN OSUGA
    Approaches and methods used
    Main results
    Key challenges
    23 The Research Process: sustaining quality and maximizing
    impact
    IDS WORKSHOP
    Approaches and methods
    Training for participatory policy-focused research
    24 Analysing Participatory Research for Policy Change
    ANDREW NORTON
    From extractive research to participatory development
    practice
    Preparing for the research
    Analysis and reporting in the field
    Policy analysis with participatory research findings
    Social analysis using PRA material
    Notes on poverty analysis using PLAIPRA methods
    Dangerous assumptions!
    Opening doors - new actors in policy research
    25 Participation, Policy Change and Empowerment
    IDS WORKSHOP
    Whose empowerment does what?
    Empowerment and local-level conflict
    Participatory process or policy product?
    Promoting PRA best practice in policy-focused
    research
    Afterword
    ROBERT CHAMBERS
    Making a difference
    The future
    Annexe 1: World Bank PPA methodology
    Annexe 2: worldbank PPA impact analysis
    Annexe 3: Key findings and policy recommendations from
    the South African PPA
    Notes
    References and sources
    Index
  • Details
    Sub Title No
    Author Jeremy Holland
    Editor No
    Number of Pages 272
    Format Paperback / softback
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